Entries for other months of the war are listed in the sidebar to the right. Battle of Verdun … July 13, 1916 - The British launch a night attack against German positions along a 3.5-mile portion of the Somme Front. After advancing nearly 1,000 yards, the advance is halted as the Germans regroup their defenses. comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, google_ad_width = 468; July 10, 1916 - The Germans attack again at Verdun, using poison gas, and advance toward Fort Souville. The Somme offensive quickly becomes a battle of attrition as British and French troops make marginal gains against the Germans but repeatedly fail to break through the entire Front as planned. British attack on main It ought to be much easier now, no foreigners there. June 4, 1916 - Four Russian armies on the Eastern Front, under their innovative new commander, General Alexei Brusilov, begin a general offensive in the southwest along a 300-mile front. April 18, 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson threatens to sever diplomatic ties between the United States and Germany following the sinking of the passenger ferry Sussex by a U-Boat in the … Sep 2 1916 My Dear Mother Yrs of Aug 23rd & 25th & enclosures to hand. Third Attempt to relieve Kut begins (see 5th and March 8th). August 6, 1916 The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo begins. This leaves only one German colony remaining in Africa, known as German East Africa. Main Page | American Revolution | Abraham Lincoln | U.S. … However, the German offensive soon stalls as the French rush in massive reinforcements and strengthen their defenses, under the new command of Henri Petain, who is determined to save Verdun. June 22, 1916 - Germans resume their offensive near Verdun, targeting Fort Souville which overlooks the city and the Meuse bridges. December 12, 1916 - Joseph Joffre resigns under pressure from his position as Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, replaced by General Robert Nivelle. Learn more about World War I combatants, battles and generals, and what caused World War I. August 27, 1916 - Romania declares war on the Central Powers and begins an invasion of Austria-Hungary through the Carpathian Mountains. Youth | Timeline of The Romanians face little opposition initially and advance 50 miles into Transylvania. The British do not risk a pursuit and instead head home. The disposition of the Battalion … January 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson begins an effort to organize a peace conference in Europe. But in response to Wilson, the Germans call off the U-Boats. Two days after the U.S. Senate voted 82 to 6 to declare war against Germany, the U.S. House of Representatives endorses the declaration by a vote of 373 to 50, and America … Valid XHTML | November 7, 1916 - American voters re-elect President Woodrow Wilson who had campaigned on the slogan, "He kept us out of war.". Verdun has now become a battle of attrition for both sides with a death toll already approaching 500,000 men. A later version perfected by the Americans could detect U-boats up to 25 miles away. An early spring thaw also turns the entire battlefield into mud, hampering offensive maneuvers. The Russian attack withered after the loss of nearly a million men amid insufficient reserves. Place™ All Rights Reserved. closed to passenger traffic, mails for Bulgaria and Turkey continue. SS Libau Sets Sail April 9, 1916; Easter Proclamation of 1916 April 24, 1916; Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties July 1, 1916; 1st Use of Tanks in War September 15, 1916 Victoria Cross at Sea 1939-45 - WW2 Campaign Summary. First World War.com - On This Day - 9 April 1916 On This Day - 9 April 1916 Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great … This unsuccessful British and French offensive will last up until January 9th of 1916. From the Ministry of Information First World War Official Collection at the Imperial … World War I was fought from 1914 to 1918. //-->, Saturday, 22 August, 2009 Following these successes, however, heavy rain turns the entire battlefield to mud, preventing effective maneuvers. Once again the attack only yields partial gains in the face of stiff French resistance. Additionally, French infantry use an effective new tactic in which they slowly advance in stages, step-by-step behind encroaching waves of artillery fire. Austro-Romanian fronts. Browse historical events, famous birthdays and notable deaths from Apr 15, 1916 or search by date, day or keyword. This marks the start of a multi-pronged invasion of Romania in response to its aggression against Austria-Hungary. May 15, 1916 - Austrian troops attack Italian mountain positions in the Trentino. … The Germans used poison gas which was the first effective use of gas in the war. F. Kennedy Photo History | Vietnam December 18, 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson caps off a year-long effort to organize a peace conference in Europe by asking the combatants to outline their peace terms. As they get near, the British blast away at the German forward ships. Dardanelles. of Hitler | Defeat of Hitler | Hitler December 15, 1916 - The last offensive in the Battle of Verdun begins as the French push the Germans out of Louvemont and Bezonvaux on the east bank of the Meuse River. February 21-December 18, 1916. Battle of the Somme The losses come as 13 attacking divisions encounter German defenses that are still intact despite the seven-day bombardment designed to knock them out. The largest-ever surrender by the British Army comes after four failed attempts by British relief troops to break through to the surrounded garrison. General Sir Charles Monro was appointed to replace Haig in command of First Army. The humiliating withdrawal from the hard-won areas wrecks Russian troop morale, fueling political and social unrest in Russia. The Gas Attacks at Hulluch were two German cloud gas attacks on British troops during World War I, from 27–29 April 1916, near the village of Hulluch, 1 mi north of Loos in northern France. August 28, 1916 - Italy declares war on Germany, thus expanding the scope of its military activities beyond the Italian-Austrian Front. Two days later, the British once again penetrate the German line and advance to High Wood but are then pushed back. google_ad_client = "pub-4298319194752627"; June 24, 1916 - The Allies begin a week-long artillery bombardment of German defensive positions on the Somme River in northern France, in preparation for a major British-led offensive. The Germans now push onward toward a ridge that overlooks Verdun and edge toward the Meuse bridges. CSS. August 27, 1916 … The Germans under Chief of the General Staff, Erich Falkenhayn, seek to "bleed" the French Army to death by targeting the cherished city. APRIL 1916 1st April [Approximate date] End of period of German mastery of the air on the Western front (see October 1st, 1915). KEITH & STRATHISLA DURING WW1. By the end of summer, the Germans will send 20 more divisions and merge the surviving Austro-Hungarian troops into the Germany Army. May 3, 1916 - At Verdun, the Germans begin another attack on the west bank of the Meuse. gain footing on Hill 295, but fail in attack on 12-mile front west of Meuse. April 29, 1916 - In the Middle East, the five-month siege at Kut-al-Amara in Mesopotamia ends as 13,000 British and Indian soldiers, now on the verge of starvation, surrender to the Turks. The British-developed tanks feature two small side-cannons and four machine-guns, operated by an eight-man crew. 3rd April. google_ad_height = 60; The British also attack in broad daylight, advancing in lines shoulder-to-shoulder only to be systematically mowed down by German machine-gunners. April 25: The Gallipoli Campaign begins. World War 1 - Casualty Lists of the Royal Navy and Dominion Navies Researched & compiled by Don Kindell. There was a change at the highest levels of British command on the Western Front on 19 December 1915 when General Sir Douglas Haig succeeded Field Marshal Sir John French as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armies in France. As the infantry advances, individual tanks provide support by blasting and rolling over the German barbed wire, piercing the frontline defense, and then roll along the length of the trench, raking the German soldiers with machine-gun fire. The History Place - World War I Index Page, [ The History Place British Commander Douglas Haig believes this will allow an unhindered infantry advance and a rapid breakthrough of the German Front on the first day of battle. However, the Germans, aware they are outgunned by the larger British fleet, disengage by abruptly turning away. Turkish position at Sanna-i-Yat (Mesopotamia) fails. speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. 27th April 1916 3rd Canadian Tunnelling Coy War Diary 27th April 1916 Training and inspections Irish men under attack 8th Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers along with the 9th Royal Dublin … Aircraft Carriers. It will end on August 17, 1916. September 25, 1916 - British and French troops renew their attacks in the Somme, capturing several villages north of the Somme River, including Thiepval, where the British successfully use tanks again. The attack is preceded by the heaviest artillery bombardment to-date by the French. Austro-Italian and Balkan (including Bulgaro-Romanian) fronts, and 13th (Service) Battalion Middlesex Regiment - war diary 1 - 6 Apr 1916 Trenches 136-140 MESSINES Battalion relieved 9th R. Sussex on night of 30/1st. Southern Front comprises the Timeline of April 1916 Unloading road building material from a train at Reninghelst near Ypres, April 1916. By now, the Germans have been pushed back just a few miles along the entire 15-mile front, but the major breakthrough the Allies had planned never occurred. The entire nation of France now rallies behind their troops in the defense of Verdun as French generals vow it will not be taken. Combined with other ground losses, the German withdrawal ends the immediate threat to Verdun and both sides now focus their efforts on battles elsewhere along the Western Front. Under Richthofen's leadership, Jasta 11 scored 89 victories during April, over a third … I hope they find a little flat in Rome. Civil War | Child Greco-Bulgarian frontier World War II in Europe | Holocaust Timeline | Irish Potato Famine | Photo of the Week | This Month in History | History Videos | Hollywood's Best History Movies | Send Feedback ], Copyright © 2009 The History War | The Rise of Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. I see … On This Day - 17 April 1916. He is succeeded by Archduke Charles who wants to take Austria-Hungary out of the war. Primary Source WW1 Letters Home April 1916. Original Titelseite der französischenTageszeitung "Excelsior" vom 13.April 1916. Forward battle cruisers from the British Grand Fleet are initially lured southward toward the German High Seas Fleet, but then turn completely around, luring the entire German fleet northward. Whilst Russia was glorying in the capture of Trebizond from the Turks and the French … June 1, 1916 - Germans at Verdun try to continue their offensive success along the Meuse River and now attack the French on the east bank, targeting Fort Vaux and the fortification at Thiaumont. This effectively ends Romanian resistance to the Austro-German invasion and places the country's entire agricultural and industrial resources, including the Ploesti oil fields, in German hands. April 9, 1916 - The Germans attack again at Verdun, now along a 20-mile-wide front on both the east and west banks of the Meuse River. Important events of 1916 during the third year of the First World War, including Field Marshal Lord Kitchener’s request for US military participation. Weltkrieg 1914 / … Terms of use: Private home/school non-commercial, Although the Russians greatly outnumber the Germans in the northern sector of the Eastern Front, their poorly coordinated offensive around Vilna and at Lake Naroch is swiftly defeated by the Germans with 70,000 Russian casualties. 1st - 30th APRIL 1916 in date, ship/unit & name order. On 27 April 1916, at 5 am, German forces emptied 3,800 cylinders containing a mixture of chlorine and phosgene gas and a favourable wind blew the cloud into the British trenches. September 20, 1916 - On the Eastern Front, the Brusilov Offensive grinds to a halt. Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any The Germans return fire and the two fleets fire furiously at each other. November 18, 1916 - The Battle of the Somme ends upon the first snowfall as the British and French decide to cease the offensive. October 10, 1916 - Romanian troops return home after being pushed out of Hungary by two Austro-German armies. Evie seems happy. February 21, 1916 - On the Western Front, the German 5th Army attacks the French 2nd Army north of the historic city of Verdun, following a nine-hour artillery bombardment. What Happened in 1916. 9. Both sides claim victory. March 18, 1916 - On the Eastern Front, the Russians oblige a French request to wage an offensive to divert German resources from Verdun. October 24, 1916 - At Verdun, the French under General Robert Nivelle, begin an ambitious offensive designed to end the German threat there by targeting Fort Douaumont and other German-occupied sites on the east bank of the Meuse River. Brusilov avoids the style of predictable narrow frontline attacks used previously, in favor of a sweeping offensive over hundreds of miles that is harder to pin down. Eight days later, both objectives are taken as the French suffer heavy casualties. Michael Duffy, Original Material � 2000-2009 Michael Duffy | HMS Drake, armoured cruiser (Navy Photos, click to enlarge) on to May 1916 . July 1, 1916 - The British Army suffers the worst single-day death toll in its history as 18,800 soldiers are killed on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Although the Germans sink 14 of the 151 British ships while losing 11 of 99 ships, the British Navy retains its dominance of the North Sea and the naval blockade of Germany will remain intact for the war's duration. A few days later, General Sir William Robertson succeeded Lieut.-General Sir Archibald Murray as Chief of the Imperial General Staff in Whitehall. Daily Telegraph April 19 1916. Mesopotamia, Syria, Persia, Afghanistan, Turkestan, China, India, etc. August 29, 1916 - Germany's entire economy is placed under the Hindenburg Plan allowing the military to exercise dictatorial-style powers to control the labor force, munitions production, food distribution and most aspects of daily life. April 18, 1916 - President Woodrow Wilson threatens to sever diplomatic ties between the United States and Germany following the sinking of the passenger ferry Sussex by a U-Boat in the English Channel. October 8, 1916 - The German Air Force (Luftstreikrafte) is founded as various aerial fighting groups are merged. Colonial and Overseas theatres, America, etc. As a comparison, in the five months of the Battle of the Somme of 1916 the RFC had suffered 576 casualties. The Austro-German 9th Army then invades Romania and heads toward Bucharest. However, by the end of March, the heavily defended hills are only partially in German hands. April 7, 1916 (Friday) A fire during an amateur benefit concert for soldiers at the Garrick Theatre in London killed eight young girls when their costumes were ignited. August 28, 1916 - Kaiser Wilhelm appoints Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg as Germany's new Chief of the General Staff, replacing Erich Falkenhayn following the disappointment at Verdun and recent setbacks on the Eastern Front. But by the end of summer, the Germans brought in 24 divisions from the Western Front and placed the surviving Austro-Hungarian troops under German command. Tweet. Realizing their distress, the Germans pull four divisions from Verdun and send them east. The west coast stagecoach … December 7, 1916 - LLoyd George becomes Britain's new Prime Minister. Source: Chronology of the War (1914-18, London; copyright expired). Four days later, the French counter-attack and halt the Germans. May 31, 1916 - The main German and British naval fleets clash in the Battle of Jutland in the North Sea, as both sides try, but fail, to score a decisive victory. Following the surrender of the garrison on 29 April 1916… In the dead of the night the Germans withdraw entirely. Using poisonous phosgene gas at the start of the attack, they initially take the village of Fleury just two miles north of Verdun, but further advance southward is halted by a strong French counter-attack. Since its launch in early June, four Russian armies under the command of General Alexei Brusilov had swept eastward up to 60 miles deep along a 300-mile front while capturing 350,000 Austro-Hungarian troops. St. Eloi by British reported. Recapture of mine crater at At first, the Germans make rapid gains along the east bank of the Meuse River, overrunning bombed out French trenches, and capture lightly defended Fort Douaumont four days later without firing a shot. This battle had started on August 6, 1916. May 25, 1916 - The era of the all-volunteer British Army ends as universal conscription takes effect requiring all eligible British men between the ages of 19 and 40 to report, excluding men working in agriculture, mining or the railroads. 1,000,000 casualties. Among the injured German soldiers is Corporal Adolf Hitler, wounded by shrapnel. Battle location: France. The siege of Kut Al Amara (7 December 1915 – 29 April 1916), also known as the First Battle of Kut, was the besieging of an 8,000 strong British Army garrison in the town of Kut, 160 kilometres (100 mi) south of Baghdad, by the Ottoman Army.In 1915, its population was around 6,500. /* 468x60, created 12/24/09 */ Saturday 1 The Banffshire Herald reported that a second Volunteer Aid Detachment had been formed in Keith. Egypt, Tripoli, the Sudan, Asia Minor (including Transcaucasia), Arabia, Over 1.5 million shells are fired along a 15-mile front to pulverize the intricate German trench system and to blow apart rows of barbed wire protecting the trenches. December 6, 1916 - Bucharest, capital of Romania, falls to the Austro-Germans. Both sides each suffered over 600,000 casualties during the five-month battle. Apr 21 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork … WW1 April 1916. (except where carried out in combination with troops on land) and in April 22 - 25: The Second Battle of Ypres is fought in western Belgium.