The High Cost of Living Amplifies the Issue. Under the fifth pillar of the report, Higher education and training, the Swiss had a score of 5.79, which is the fourth highest among all the countries surveyed. The Swiss constitution sets the foundations, namely that primary school is obligatory for every child and is free in public schools and that the confederation can run or support universities. Diversity and coexistence in Switzerland. Overall, 16.9 per cent of higher education enrolment in Switzerland came from abroad – the tenth highest in the world in 2013. The minimum age for primary school is about six years in all cantons but Obwalden, where it is five years and three months. The two countries to rank higher overall were Norway and Finland (Finland finishing in first). Progress and Completion in Education. Generally, each school type has its own adapted curricula, teaching material, teachers and, in some cases, its own range of subjects. The requirements of the performance-based group at advanced level are the most demanding and this school type generally prepares pupils for transfer to the matura schools. %PDF-1.6 %���� Any child can take part in school if they choose to, but pupils are separated depending on whether they speak French, German or Italian. Each pupil is assigned to a core class according to his or her performance level. [28], according Federal Higher Education Act, HEdA, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, International Institute for Management Development, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland, "Swissuniversity - University of Basel (UNIBAS)", "Mueller Science - Schweizer Nobelpreisträger Nobelpreise Schweiz - Swiss Nobel Prizes - Nobel Prize Winners Switzerland", Swiss education server - Compulsory education, "Bildungslandschaft Schweiz 2012/13 (vereinfacht)", Swiss education server - Lower secondary level: overview, "International School Consultancy Group > Home", "International School Consultancy Group > Information > ISC News", "SWITZERLAND: Second top with PhDs - University World News", Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Studierende an den universitären Hochschulen nach Jahr, Fachbereich, Studienstufe, Staatsangehörigkeit und Hochschule, Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Twelfth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context, World Economic Forum, the Global Competitiveness Report, "www.edk.ch - Cantonal school structures", Swiss education server - Pre-school education, Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Lernende nach Kanton, Jahr und Bildungsstufe, Official site of the Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ), Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, University of Applied Sciences of Eastern Switzerland, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana (SUPSI), Zurich University of Applied Sciences/ZHAW, Zurich University of Applied Sciences in Business Administration, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Education_in_Switzerland&oldid=993132148, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), Zurich University of Teacher Education (PHZH), This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 23:41. The large majority of the Swiss population has attained at least upper secondary education: 86% of 2564 year- s and 89% of 25-old -olds (the OECD average is 75% and -34 year Switzerland's diverse and permeable education system in essence offers a choice between an academic or vocational education. Municipalities can also levy taxes, often referred to as a communal tax. In total, there are 12 Universities in Switzerland; ten of them are managed by the cantons, while two federal institutes of technology, ETHZ in Zurich and EPFL in Lausanne, are under the authority of the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation. Because of this central location, Switzerland offers a great variety in cultures and languages. 972 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8BB10A9E6217F8448C10EB943896895D><39B546599418FB4EB3156D0BFEA9A6FF>]/Index[950 36]/Info 949 0 R/Length 108/Prev 506117/Root 951 0 R/Size 986/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream [2] In addition, there are seven regional associations of Universities for Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen) which require vocational education and a special Berufsmatura, or a Fachmatura (a graduation by a Fachmittelschule) to study. In the Canton of Ticino, an optional, third year is available for three-year-old children. If in addition to the vocational training the Berufsmaturitätsschule is completed the Fachhochschule may be visited instead. Switzerland is well known for its advanced business education system. [6] Other important research centers are the Empa and Paul Scherrer Institute which belong to the ETH domain. A number of world-class universities and MBA programmes, such as the International Institute for Management Development, HEC Lausanne, St. Gallen, Kalaidos FH and University of Zurich belong to that category. [citation needed] The other students split in two or more school-types, depending on the canton, differing in the balance between theoretical and practical education. h��Wmo�6�+��a�7�8Hs׭����ݺ��_���H|��ߏ�l�N�&=F�HQ����RDo��؀0'���zaY�P�*Q(ﴈA 985 0 obj <>stream [citation needed]. The upper secondary school system had 337,145 students (46.9% female). In the structure with 3 school types, there is a performance-based group at basic level, a performance-based group at intermediate level and a performance-based group at advanced level. Pupils are allocated to institutionally separate school types, according to their performance levels. Languages are given quite the emphasis in the Swiss education system, and therefore most of the people there speak at least a second language. While the academic training leads to the matura and free admission to universities, successfully completed vocational education gives access to third level of practical education, the Höhere Fachschule (Schweiz). Weekly figures. Switzerland is not only one of the world’s most innovative research nations, but also one of the most competitive. In some German speaking cantons kindergarten and the first one or two years may be combined into a Grundstufe or Basisstufe where they are all taught together in a single class. Close. Education Facts in Switzerland. In some cases, parents or legal guardians of the child are also asked for their recommendations (see Indicator C below) along with a self-evaluation done by the child. This suggests that the quality of high school education is lower in these cantons. High school enrolment rate : Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year. All three top countries were effectively developing and utilizing about 85 percent of their full human capital potential, the report noted. Prison population (per 100,000 people) n.a. In 2013, 16.9% of the total tertiary enrollment in Switzerland came from outside the country, a rate that is the 10th highest of the 291 countries included in the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) n.a. However, due to the much smaller tertiary system in Switzerland their 47,000 foreign tertiary enrollments are dwarfed by much larger countries such as the United States (740,000), the United Kingdom (416,000), France (228,000) and Germany (196,000). More recently Vladimir Prelog, Heinrich Rohrer, Richard Ernst, Edmond Fischer, Rolf Zinkernagel, Didier Queloz, Michel Mayor, Kurt Wüthrich, and Jacques Dubochet have received nobel prizes in the sciences. ... Switzerland has the lowest rate of value-added tax in Europe. Swiss university dropout rates are high (around 30%), with overrepresentation of students who graduated high school in certain cantons and among foreign students. m�GE ��:���%)V/���Φӓb]މ����v����]69��_�|]f'���r�(��t"ԏ2�x�Z>^���Ѭ��Y~^��F׺̮�����槼)�2�. This rate was just higher than Austria (16.8) and just lower than the United Kingdom (17.5). Switzerland education spending for 2013 was 15.21%, a 0.43% decline from 2012. In Ticino, there is a third, non-mandatory, kindergarten year, primary lasts 5 years, followed by 4 years of lower secondary. This page provides - Switzerland Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. Overview . 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